Entries by Mary Speck

March 19 | 2018

Associations Between the Built Environment and Objective Measures of Sleep: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Johnson DA, Hirsch JA, Moore KA, Redline S, Diez Roux AV. Am J Epidemiol. 2018 Mar 14. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwx302. [Epub ahead of print] https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwx302 Abstract Although dense neighborhood built environments support increased physical activity and lower obesity, these features may also […]

March 12 | 2018

Gene-by-environment interactions in urban populations modulate risk phenotypes Marie-Julie Favé, Fabien C. Lamaze, David Soave, Alan Hodgkinson, Héloïse Gauvin, Vanessa Bruat, Jean-Christophe Grenier, Elias Gbeha, Kimberly Skead, Audrey Smargiassi, Markey Johnson, Youssef Idaghdour & Philip Awadalla Nature Communications volume 9, Article number: 827 (2018)  https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-03202-2   ABSTRACT Uncovering the interaction between genomes and the environment is […]

March 5 | 2018

Assessing the Exposome with External Measures: Commentary on the State of the Science and Research Recommendations Michelle C. Turner, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Kim Anderson, David Balshaw, Yuxia Cui, Genevieve Dunton, Jane A. Hoppin, Petros Koutrakis, and Michael Jerrett Annual Review of Public Health Vol. 38:215-239 (Volume publication date March 2017) https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-082516-012802 Abstract The exposome comprises all […]

February 27 | 2018

Six research priorities for cities and climate change Xuemei Bai, Richard J. Dawson, Diana Ürge-Vorsatz, Gian C. Delgado, Aliyu Salisu Barau, Shobhakar Dhakal, David Dodman, Lykke Leonardsen, Valerie Masson-Delmotte, Debra Roberts, Seth Schultz. Nature 555, 23-25 (2018) doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-02409-z www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-02409-z Xuemei Bai and colleagues call for long-term, cross-disciplinary studies to reduce carbon emissions and urban risks […]

February 19 | 2018

Impacts of Bicycle Infrastructure in Mid-Sized Cities (IBIMS): protocol for a natural experiment study in three Canadian cities Meghan Winters, Michael Branion-Calles, Suzanne Therrien, Daniel Fuller, Lise Gauvin, David G T Whitehurst, and Trisalyn Nelson BMJ Open. 2018; 8(1): e019130. Published online 2018 Jan 21. doi:  10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019130  PMCID: PMC5781157 Abstract Introduction Bicycling is promoted as […]

February 12 | 2018

Effect of air quality alerts on human health: a regression discontinuity analysis in Toronto, Canada Hong Chen, PhD, Qiongsi Li, MMath, Jay S Kaufman, PhD, Jun Wang, MSc, Ray Copes, MD, Yushan Su, PhD, Tarik Benmarhnia, PhD The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 2, No. 1, e19–e26, January 2018  DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(17)30185-7 Summary Background Ambient air pollution […]

February 5 | 2018

Evaluating street view exposure measures of visible green space for health research. Larkin A, Hystad P. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. 2018 Jan 19. doi: 10.1038/s41370-018-0017-1. [Epub ahead of print] Abstract Urban green space, or natural environments, are associated with multiple physical and mental health outcomes. Several proposed pathways of action for these benefits (e.g., stress reduction […]

January 29 | 2018

Human Health Risk Assessment for Gasoline Exhaust Prepared by: Fuels Assessment Section Water and Air Quality Bureau Healthy Environments and Consumer Safety Branch Health Canada November 2017 http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2017/sc-hc/H144-52-2017-eng.pdf Excerpt from Executive Summary Gasoline, or spark ignition, engines are used throughout Canada, representing 92% of on-road vehicles and 87% of off-road engines or equipment. It is […]

January 15 | 2018

The Canadian Urban Environmental Health Research Consortium – a protocol for building a national environmental exposure data platform for integrated analyses of urban form and health Jeffrey R. Brook, Eleanor M. Setton, Evan Seed, Mahdi Shooshtari, Dany Doiron and CANUE – The Canadian Urban Environmental Health Research Consortium BMC Public Health BMC series https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-5001-5 Published: 8 January 2018 Abstract Background Multiple external environmental exposures related to residential […]

January 8 | 2018

Respiratory and cardiovascular responses to walking down a traffic-polluted road compared with walking in a traffic-free area in participants aged 60 years and older with chronic lung or heart disease and age-matched healthy controls: a randomised, crossover study Rudy Sinharay, MBBS†, Jicheng Gong, PhD†, Benjamin Barratt, PhD, Pamela Ohman-Strickland, PhD, Sabine Ernst, MD, Prof Frank Kelly, […]